Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
An ecologically based approach to pest (animal and weed) control that utilizes a multi-disciplinary knowledge of crop/pest relationships, establishment of acceptable economic thresholds for pest populations and constant field monitoring for potential problems. IPM makes use of all available pest control methods, turning to pesticides when less risky methods fail to control the pest population.
Example of Integrated Pest Management (IPM):
There are no certification for IPM practices, yet farmers who attempts to use this type of pest management avoids to use high amount of chemical pesticides in their crops. They switch to a more environmentally friendly solution, such as spraying pheromones on certain crops.